Reduces final energy demand.
Reduces final energy demand.Reduces total heating oil and natural gas consumption.
Reduces final energy demand.Likely to increase energy independence and energy security by reducing fossil imports.
Reduces final energy demand.Very likely to reduce global CO2 emissions.
Reduces final energy demand.Reduces emissions of harmful pollutants in built areas.
Likely to generate additional deposited waste from building envelope refurbishment.
Building efficiency measures for new buildings are often some of the most cost effective options to reduce energy demand.
However, the largest energy demand reduction opportunity resides in refurbishments which are typically much less cost effective.
May improve balance of payments by reducing oil and natural gas imports
Reduces Confederation income from the tax on mineral oil under the current taxation system.
Likely to require behavioural change as well as building refurbishment to be effective.
The indicator covers passive measures that influence the heat demand of new and existing buildings; it does not concern the technologies supplying the heat.
Typical measures would include wall, floor and loft insulation, improved window glazing , design measures focused on solar gain, as well as improved building controls.
• Improving the energy efficiency of the building stock requires refurbishment of existing buildings which is physically disruptive.
• Buildings often suffer from split incentives where the stakeholder responsible for capital investments (owner) is different from the stakeholder in charge of operating expenses (tenant).
• Despite potential mid-/long-term economic returns, private building owners are typically very sensitive to initial capital costs, especially if their period of ownership may not be long enough
The annual average heating demand for 2035 and 2050 is calculated assuming several parameters. The main assumptions are:
The expected future value ranges for the average energy performance of the Swiss building stock are:
In 2011 the Swiss building stock consumed an average of 92 kWh/m2 .
 IEA 2012, World Energy Outlook 2012, New Policies Scenario. Note that this figure includes all building energy demand and not just heating.