Increase primary and final energy demand.
Likely to increase electricity demand if electric forms of decentralised heating are used.
Likely to increase total consumption of heating oil and natural gas as decentralised boilers and cogeneration are more inefficient than centralised solutions.
Impact on the grid depends on the type of technologies chosen.
Likely to decrease energy independence by reducing fossil imports.
Very likely to increase global CO2 emissions.
Likely to increase deposited waste.
Other impact categories are technology specific.
Cost of the energy transition, impact on Balance of payments and Confederation income depend on the technologies chosen.
With Decentralised Heating, heat is generated locally, where it is used (a household or small size industrial facility). The heat can be generated with various technologies; in the calculator, Decentralised Heating is represented by the following technologies: Heat pump, Thermal heat pump, Cogeneration, Advanced cogeneration, Boiler, Solar and Direct electric heating.
• Barriers are technology specific.