Reduces final energy demand.
Increase total electricity consumption.
Reduces total diesel / gasoline consumption.
Likely to increase the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix.
Likely to raise pressure on the grid by increasing daily peak electricity demand.
Likely to increase energy independence and energy security.
Very likely to reduce global CO2 emissions.
Reduce emissions of harmful pollutants, especially in urban areas.
Slightly reduce noise pollution.
Likely to increase deposited waste and environmental impacts related to mining and end of life treatment of batteries.
Likely to have limited impact on the cost of the energy transition.
May reduce total cost of ownership of vehicles.
May improve balance of payments by substituting oil imports by domestic electricity.
Reduce Confederation income from the tax on mineral oil under the current taxation system.
Compared to BEVs, owners of HEVs and PHEVs do not have to worry about a limited range and battery charging downtime.
In an HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle), a conventional internal combustion propulsion system (ICE) is combined with an electric propulsion system. Kinetic energy is recovered and stored in a battery through regenerative braking. This electric energy is used to assist acceleration, and sometimes to drive l the vehicle at low speed, saving on fuel consumption. HEVs are often classified by the type of coupling of the electric system – in a “mild hybrid” this one only assists the ICE, in a “full hybrid” it can drive the vehicle by itself.
PHEVs (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles) are essentially HEVs with the addition of a plug-in charging system and an enlarged battery pack that can be recharged by an external power source. Just like HEVs, PHEVs recover kinetic energy through regenerative braking.
• Higher purchase price than equivalent gasoline/diesel car.
• Battery can slightly reduce interior space.