Increase final energy demand.
Increase total electricity consumption.
Likely to reduce the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix.
Likely to raise pressure on the grid by increasing (peak) electricity demand.
Likely to reduce energy independence and energy security.
Increase global CO2 emissions.
Increase emissions of harmful pollutants, especially in urban areas.
Increase the total cost of the energy transition. As population growth also drives economic growth, the relative impact of increasing population growth on the cost of the energy transition may be limited.
Increase Confederation income from the tax on mineral oil under the current taxation system.
The scenarios of OFS 2010  have been used to define the future value ranges for the Swiss population: