User Tools

Site Tools


  • Deutsch (German)
  • English
  • Français (French)
  • Italiano
en:test

What can I choose in the calculator?

This indicator reflects the CO2 equivalent emissions of the six main greenhouse gases included in the Kyoto protocol (CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PCFs and SF6) associated with the conversion and consumption of energy.

CO2 Equivalent Emissions

image

RELEVANCE – Why does it matter for Switzerland?

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from human activities are very likely to be the main cause of the currently observed global warming. In turn, a temperature increase on earth is very likely to result in social, economic and environmental damage associated with an increase of extreme weather events, sea level rise and ocean acidification. For Switzerland, the melting of glaciers and permafrost are amongst the most critical direct environmental impacts of global warming, potentially leading to severe socio-economic impacts. By ratifying the Kyoto protocol in 1997 Switzerland committed to setting internationally binding emissions reduction targets.[1] Switzerland aims to reduce GHG emissions by 20% relative to 1990 by 2020.[2] Reducing GHG emissions is also important to the economy as a whole. For example a carbon tax of currently CHF60/tonne (up from CHF36 in 2012) applies to heating oil and gas, which corresponds to a total annual revenue for the Confederation of about CHF740 million. Future policy measures to mitigate global warming are likely to increasingly penalise the emissions of greenhouse gases.

SWISS & GLOBAL CONTEXT

SWISS CONTEXT

• The energy sector is responsible for around 80% of the Swiss GHG emissions

• Total CO2 emissions from the energy sector dropped between 1990 and 2012 from 40.9 to 38.4 MtCO2eq/year.

• The national 10% reduction target for emissions from the energy sector (for the 2008-2012 average compared to 1990), as formulated under the Swiss CO2 law, was not met.[4] The 6.2% shortfall was however compensated through the acquisition of carbon credits.

GLOBAL CONTEXT

Replacement of old appliances by new and efficient ones is often not economically viable based on saved energy cost and current electricity prices.

‘Rebound effects’ may counteract the energy savings from more efficient appliances. The financial savings from lower running costs can lead to purchase of more appliances, or changes in lifestyle (e.g. wash more often).

Learn more

REFERENCES

[1] Energy Efficiency Market Report 2013, Market Trends and Medium-Term Prospects, http://www.iea.org/W/bookshop/add.aspx?id=460

[2] PROGNOS 2012, Die Energieperspektiven für die Schweiz bis 2050, Energienachfrage und Elektrizitätsangebot in der Schweiz 2000–2050.

You could leave a comment if you were logged in.
en/test.txt · Last modified: 2019/10/22 09:17 (external edit)