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d_boiler_more [2014/08/29 07:22]
lpgillia created
d_boiler_more [2019/10/22 09:17] (current)
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                     <​h2>​Decentralised Boilers</​h2>​                     <​h2>​Decentralised Boilers</​h2>​
                 </​header>​                 </​header>​
-                <img src="http://stisrvm11.epfl.ch/swiss-energyscope/doku/lib/tpl/ses/images/img2.jpg" alt="​image"/>​+                <img src="https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1b/Gaspitjes_boiler.JPG/640px-Gaspitjes_boiler.JPG?​uselang=fr" alt="​image"/>​
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                     <ul>                     <ul>
-                        <li><a href="#​impact"​>Impact</a></​li>​ +                        <​li>​Impact</​li>​ 
-                        <li><a href="#​globalmarket"​>​Global ​market</​a>​</​li>​ +                        <​li>​Global ​markets</​li>​ 
-                        <li><a href="#​definition"​>​Definition</a></​li>​ +                        <​li>​Definition</​li>​ 
-                        <li><a href="#​constraints"​>​Constraints</a></​li>​ +                        <​li>​Constraints</​li>​ 
-                        <li><a href="#​assumptions"​>​Assumptions</a></​li>​ +                        <​li>​Assumptions</​li>​ 
-                        <li><a href="#​valuerange">​Value range</​a>​</li>+                        <li>References</li>
                     </ul>                     </ul>
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-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​A4A4A4W">​😐<​/span> Will not impact final energy demand.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=neutral_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> Decrease total electricity consumption.</​p>​ + Will not impact final energy demand.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​FF0000">☹</span> Likely to increase total natural gas and heating oil consumption.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Decrease total electricity consumption.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​FF0000">☹</span> May decrease the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix unless wood boilers are the primary choice. </​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​FF0000">☹</span> Likely to decrease energy independence and energy security by requiring more fossil imports.</​p>​ + Likely to increase total natural gas and heating oil consumption.</​p>​ 
-                                 +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> 
-                                <a href="/​100-questions/​efficacite-energetique/">​Learn more</​a>​+ May decrease the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix unless wood boilers are the primary choice. </​p>​ 
 +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> 
 + Likely to decrease energy independence and energy security by requiring more fossil imports.</​p>​ 
 + 
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                                 <​h4>​Environment & Climate</​h4>​                                 <​h4>​Environment & Climate</​h4>​
                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​FF0000">☹</span> Likely to increase CO2 emissions if natural gas or heating oil boilers are the primary choice.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> Could decrease CO2 emissions if wood boilers are the primary choice.</​p>​ + Likely to increase CO2 emissions if natural gas or heating oil boilers are the primary choice.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​FF0000">☹</span> May increase deposited waste if heating oil systems are replaced by natural gas or wood boilers leading to oil storage tanks being removed.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Could decrease CO2 emissions if wood boilers are the primary choice.</​p>​ 
-                                                                 +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> 
-                                <a href="/​100-questions/​approvisionnement-sur-aujourd-hui-incertain-demain/">​Learn more</​a>​+ May increase deposited waste if heating oil systems are replaced by natural gas or wood boilers leading to oil storage tanks being removed.</​p>​ 
 + 
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                                 <​h4>​Society & Economy</​h4>​                                 <​h4>​Society & Economy</​h4>​
                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> May decrease the cost of the energy transition if natural gas boilers are the primary choice.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> May decrease the cost of the energy transition if natural gas boilers are the primary choice.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​FF0000">☹</span> May increase the cost of the energy transition if heating oil or wood boilers are the primary choice.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> Could support the Swiss forestry sector and forest stewardship if wood boilers play a significant role.</​p>​ + May increase the cost of the energy transition if heating oil or wood boilers are the primary choice.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> May increase Confederation income from the tax on mineral oil under the current taxation system.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Could support the Swiss forestry sector and forest stewardship if wood boilers play a significant role.</​p>​ 
-                                 +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> May increase Confederation income from the tax on mineral oil under the current taxation system.</​p>​ 
-                                <a href="/​100-questions/​approvisionnement-sur-aujourd-hui-incertain-demain/">​Learn more</​a>​+ 
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                                 <​p>​• Cheapest option (natural gas) does not bring significant environmental benefits.</​p>​                                 <​p>​• Cheapest option (natural gas) does not bring significant environmental benefits.</​p>​
  
-                                <a href="/​100-questions/​approvisionnement-sur-aujourd-hui-incertain-demain/">​Learn more</​a>​+
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-                    <h2 class="​fl">​VALUE RANGE - What range of values can I choose? </h2> 
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-                        <​p>​[1] BSRIA, Trends in world traditional and renewable heating markets, MC Expocomfort 2014, http://​www.slideshare.net/​BSRIA/​heating-and-renewable-trend-sedited</​p>​ 
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 +
 +The model contain three types of centralized boilers: gas boiler, oil boiler and wood boiler.
 +
 +Next tables contain the assumptions that have been introduced in the Decentralized boiler model of the calculator.
 +
 +^  Efficiency [%]  ^^^
 +^  ^  2035  ^  2050  ^
 +|**Gas** |102 |105 |
 +|**Oil** |100 |102 |
 +|**Wood** |85 |90 |
 +
 +
 +^  [[d_boiler_emissions|Emissions]] ​ ^^^
 +^  ^^  2011-2050 ​ ^
 +^CO<​sub>​2</​sub>​-eq. emissions [kgCO<​sub>​2</​sub>​-eq./​MJ<​sub>​fuel</​sub>​] |**Gas**|0.0733 |
 +^::: |**Oil**|0.0893 |
 +^::: |**Wood**|0.00452 |
 +^Deposited waste [UBP/​MJ<​sub>​fuel</​sub>​] |**Gas**|0.614 |
 +^::: |**Oil**|1.41 |
 +^::: |**Wood**|1.18 |
 +
 +
 +^  [[d_boiler_cost|Cost]] ​ ^^^
 +^  ^^  2011-2050 ​ ^
 +^Specific investment [CHF<​sub>​2010</​sub>/​kW<​sub>​th</​sub>​] |**Gas**|178 |
 +^::: |**Oil**|547 |
 +^::: |**Wood**|933 |
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 +[1] [[http://​www.slideshare.net/​BSRIA/​heating-and-renewable-trend-sedited|BSRIA,​ Trends in world traditional and renewable heating markets, MC Expocomfort 2014]]
 +
d_boiler_more.1409296952.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/10/22 09:17 (external edit)