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c_geo_more [2015/02/11 17:52]
codina
c_geo_more [2019/10/22 09:17] (current)
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   <div id="​content">​   <div id="​content">​
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                         <​li>​Constraints</​li>​                         <​li>​Constraints</​li>​
                         <​li>​Assumptions</​li>​                         <​li>​Assumptions</​li>​
-                        <​li>​Value range</​li>​ 
                         <​li>​References</​li>​                         <​li>​References</​li>​
                     </ul>                     </ul>
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             <div class="​clear"></​div>​             <div class="​clear"></​div>​
     <!-- /END 1st row -->     <!-- /END 1st row -->
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  <​!-- /BEGIN impact -->  <​!-- /BEGIN impact -->
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                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​
  
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Reduces final energy demand.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Reduces final energy demand.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ May decreases total electricity consumption.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ May decreases total electricity consumption.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Likely to reduce total fossil fuel consumption.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Likely to reduce total fossil fuel consumption.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Likely to increase the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Likely to increase the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Likely to increase energy independence and energy security by providing sustainable baseload electric power.</​p>​+                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Likely to increase energy independence and energy security by providing sustainable baseload electric power.</​p>​ 
  
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                             </​div>​                             </​div>​
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                                 <​h4>​Environment & Climate</​h4>​                                 <​h4>​Environment & Climate</​h4>​
                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Very likely to reduce global CO2 emissions.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Very likely to reduce global CO2 emissions.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Avoid emissions of harmful pollutants by replacing combustion processes.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Avoid emissions of harmful pollutants by replacing combustion processes.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png+                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png
 " HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Drilling and injection may cause seismic activity and have other unforeseen environmental impacts.</​p>​ " HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Drilling and injection may cause seismic activity and have other unforeseen environmental impacts.</​p>​
-                                ​ + 
-                               ​+
                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​
                             </​div>​                             </​div>​
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                                 <​h4>​Society & Economy</​h4>​                                 <​h4>​Society & Economy</​h4>​
                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Likely to decrease the cost of the energy transition.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Likely to decrease the cost of the energy transition.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ May improve balance of payments by reducing fossil fuel imports.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ May improve balance of payments by reducing fossil fuel imports.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​img src="http://​stisrvm11.epfl.ch/​swiss-energyscope/​doku/​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png+                                <​p><​img src="​lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png
 " HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Likely to reduce Confederation income from the tax on mineral oil under the current taxation system.</​p>​ " HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/>​ Likely to reduce Confederation income from the tax on mineral oil under the current taxation system.</​p>​
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-                                +
                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​
                             </​div>​                             </​div>​
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     <!-- /END impact -->     <!-- /END impact -->
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   <!-- /BEGIN GLOBAL MARKET -->   <!-- /BEGIN GLOBAL MARKET -->
     <a name="​globalmarket"></​a>​     <a name="​globalmarket"></​a>​
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     <!-- /BEGIN DEFINITION CONSTRAINTS -->     <!-- /BEGIN DEFINITION CONSTRAINTS -->
     <a name="​definition"></​a><​a name="​constraints"></​a>​     <a name="​definition"></​a><​a name="​constraints"></​a>​
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                                 <​p>​• Geothermal wells inherently have a limited lifetime of about 20-30 years after which the temperatures drop too low  to continue operating the well economically. There is also uncertainty surrounding the lifetime of geothermal wells as the rock characteristics could change with time and use.</​p>​                                 <​p>​• Geothermal wells inherently have a limited lifetime of about 20-30 years after which the temperatures drop too low  to continue operating the well economically. There is also uncertainty surrounding the lifetime of geothermal wells as the rock characteristics could change with time and use.</​p>​
  
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-At the present moment there is no geothermal power plant for electricity ​production ​in Switzerland,​ that is the reason why there is no data for 2011.+The selected technology for this model is an Enhanced Geothermal System at 9'500m that uses an ORC cycle with draw-off ​for the production ​of electricity and heat. This system ​is presented in LGerber [2]. This EGS produces 19 MW of electricity and 34 MW of heat as shown on the next balance:
  
-Next tables contain the assumptions that have been introduced in the Geothermal electricity model of the calculator.+{{:​egs_balance.png?​300|Inlets and outlets for an ORC with draw-off}}
  
-^  [[capacity_factor|Capacity factor]] <​sup>​[[#​References|[1]]]</​sup> ​ ^^ +^  [[emissions_c_geo|Emissions]] ​ ^^^
-^2035 ^2050 ^ +
-|0.85 |0.85 | +
- +
-^  [[emissions_geothermal|Emissions]] ​ ^^^+
 ^  ^2035 ^2050 ^ ^  ^2035 ^2050 ^
-|CO<​sub>​2</​sub>​-eq. emissions [kgCO<​sub>​2</​sub>​-eq./​kWh<​sub>​e</​sub>​] |0.0840 |0.0840 |+|CO<​sub>​2</​sub>​-eq. emissions [kgCO<​sub>​2</​sub>​-eq./​kWh<​sub>​e</​sub>​] |0.0105 |0.0105 |
 |Deposited waste [UBP/​kWh<​sub>​e</​sub>​] |19.8 |19.8 | |Deposited waste [UBP/​kWh<​sub>​e</​sub>​] |19.8 |19.8 |
  
-^  [[cost_geothermal|Cost]] ​ ^^^+^  [[cost_c_geo|Cost]] ​ ^^^
 ^  ^2035 ^2050 ^ ^  ^2035 ^2050 ^
 |Specific investment [CHF/​kW<​sub>​e</​sub>​] |11'​164 |6'310 | |Specific investment [CHF/​kW<​sub>​e</​sub>​] |11'​164 |6'310 |
 +
  
  
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-                    <h2 class="​fl">​VALUE RANGE - WHAT RANGE OF VALUES CAN I CHOOSE?</​h2>​ 
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-//MIN Value//: 0 GW 
- 
-//MAX Value//: 
-^2035 |0.1GW ​ |The potential for 2035 is estimated to be 0.4 TWh <​sup>​[[#​References|[1]]]</​sup>,​ produced by 0.06 GW ([[capacity_factor_wind|Capacity factor]] = 0.8).| 
-^2050 |0.7GW |The potential for 2050 is estimated to be 4.4 TWh <​sup>​[[#​References|[2]]]</​sup>,​ produced by 0.57 GW ([[capacity_factor_wind|Capacity factor]] = 0.8).| 
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-[1] [[http://​www.strom.ch/​uploads/​media/​AES_DCB_06_Electricite-geothermique_03-2013.pdf|VSE(2012),​ Electricité géothermique]] 
  
-[2] [[http://www.bfe.admin.ch/php/modules/publikationen/​stream.php?​extlang=de&​name=de_564869151.pdf&​endung=Die%20Energieperspektiven%20f%FCr%20die%20Schweiz%20bis%202050|PROGNOS ​2012, Die Energieperspektiven für die Schweiz bis 2050, Energienachfrage und Elektrizitätsangebot ​in der Schweiz 2000–2050.]]+[1] [[http://egec.info/publications/|European Geothermal Energy Council, Geothermal Market Report 2013/2014]] 
 + 
 +[2] LGerber (2012)Integration of Life Cycle Assessment ​in the conceptual design of renewable energy conversion systems.
  
-[3] [[http://​egec.info/​publications/​|European Geothermal Energy Council, Geothermal Market Report 2013/2014]] 
c_geo_more.1423677166.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/10/22 09:17 (external edit)