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c_geo_more [2015/01/30 10:46]
tvmendes
c_geo_more [2019/10/22 09:17] (current)
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                     <ul>                     <ul>
-                        <li><a href="#​impact"​>Impact</a></​li>​ +                        <​li>​Impact</​li>​ 
-                        <li><a href="#​globalmarket"​>Global market</a></​li>​ +                        <​li>​Global market</​li>​ 
-                        <li><a href="#​definition"​>​Definition</a></​li>​ +                        <​li>​Definition</​li>​ 
-                        <li><a href="#​constraints"​>​Constraints</a></​li>​ +                        <​li>​Constraints</​li>​ 
-                        <li><a href="#​assumptions"​>​Assumptions</a></​li>​ +                        <​li>​Assumptions</​li>​ 
-                        <li><a href="#​valuerange">​Value range</​a>​</li>+                        <li>References</li>
                     </ul>                     </ul>
                 </​div>​                 </​div>​
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-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> Reduces final energy demand.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Reduces final energy demand.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> May decreases total electricity consumption.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> May decreases total electricity consumption.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> Likely to reduce total fossil fuel consumption.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Likely to reduce total fossil fuel consumption.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> Likely to increase the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Likely to increase the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> Likely to increase energy independence and energy security by providing sustainable baseload electric power.</​p>​+                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Likely to increase energy independence and energy security by providing sustainable baseload electric power.</​p>​ 
  
-                                <a href="/​100-questions/​efficacite-energetique/">​Learn more</​a>​ 
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                                 <​h4>​Environment & Climate</​h4>​                                 <​h4>​Environment & Climate</​h4>​
                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> Very likely to reduce global CO2 emissions.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Very likely to reduce global CO2 emissions.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> Avoid emissions of harmful pollutants by replacing combustion processes.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Avoid emissions of harmful pollutants by replacing combustion processes.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​FF0000">☹</span> Drilling and injection may cause seismic activity and have other unforeseen environmental impacts.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png 
-                                 +" HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Drilling and injection may cause seismic activity and have other unforeseen environmental impacts.</​p>​ 
-                                <a href="/​100-questions/​approvisionnement-sur-aujourd-hui-incertain-demain/">​Learn more</​a>​+ 
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                             </​div>​                             </​div>​
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                                 <​h4>​Society & Economy</​h4>​                                 <​h4>​Society & Economy</​h4>​
                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​                                 <div class="​clear"></​div>​
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> Likely to decrease the cost of the energy transition.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Likely to decrease the cost of the energy transition.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​01DF74">​😊<​/span> May improve balance of payments by reducing fossil fuel imports.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=smiley_face.png"​ HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> May improve balance of payments by reducing fossil fuel imports.</​p>​ 
-                                <​p><​span style="color:#​FF0000">☹</span> Likely to reduce Confederation income from the tax on mineral oil under the current taxation system.</​p>​ +                                <​p><​img src="lib/​exe/​fetch.php?​media=sad_face.png 
-                                 +" HEIGHT="​15"​ WIDTH="​15"​ BORDER="​0"​ alt="​image"/> Likely to reduce Confederation income from the tax on mineral oil under the current taxation system.</​p>​ 
-                                <a href="/​100-questions/​approvisionnement-sur-aujourd-hui-incertain-demain/">​Learn more</​a>​+ 
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-                        In 2013 there were 68 geothermal power plants in Europe, of which 8 were installed in 2013. The total electric capacity of these plants is about 2 GW<​sub>​e</​sub>​. Also in 2013 there were 237 geothermal district heating plants in Europe of which 15 were installed in 2013. The total thermal capacity of these plants is about 4 GW<​sub>​th</​sub>​. [1]+                        In 2013 there were 68 geothermal power plants in Europe, of which 8 were installed in 2013. The total electric capacity of these plants is about 2 GW<​sub>​e</​sub>​. Also in 2013 there were 237 geothermal district heating plants in Europe of which 15 were installed in 2013. The total thermal capacity of these plants is about 4 GW<​sub>​th</​sub>​. [3]
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     <!-- /END GLOBAL MARKET -->     <!-- /END GLOBAL MARKET -->
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     <!-- /BEGIN DEFINITION CONSTRAINTS -->     <!-- /BEGIN DEFINITION CONSTRAINTS -->
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                                 <​p>​• Geothermal wells inherently have a limited lifetime of about 20-30 years after which the temperatures drop too low  to continue operating the well economically. There is also uncertainty surrounding the lifetime of geothermal wells as the rock characteristics could change with time and use.</​p>​                                 <​p>​• Geothermal wells inherently have a limited lifetime of about 20-30 years after which the temperatures drop too low  to continue operating the well economically. There is also uncertainty surrounding the lifetime of geothermal wells as the rock characteristics could change with time and use.</​p>​
  
-                                <a href="/​100-questions/​approvisionnement-sur-aujourd-hui-incertain-demain/">​Learn more</​a>​+
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     <!-- /END DEFINITION CONSTRAINTS -->     <!-- /END DEFINITION CONSTRAINTS -->
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-    ​ 
-    <!-- /BEGIN ASSUMPTIONS --> 
-    <a name="​assumptions"></​a>​ 
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-                <header class="​lined">​ 
-                    <h2 class="​fl">​ASSUMPTIONS – What are the assumptions considered in the calculator?</​h2>​ 
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-                    <h2 class="​fl">​VALUE RANGE - What range of values can I choose? </​h2>​ +
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-            <div class="​clear"></​div>​ +
-    <!-- /END VALUE RANGE --> +
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-    <!-- /BEGIN REFERENCES --> +
-    <a name="​references"></​a>​ +
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-                <header class="​lined">​ +
-                    <h2 class="​fl">​REFERENCES</​h2>​ +
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-                        <​p>​[1] European Geothermal Energy Council, Geothermal Market Report 2013/2014, http://egec.info/​publications/</​p>​ +
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 </​style>​ </​style>​
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 +                    <h2 class="​fl">​ASSUMPTIONS – WHAT ARE THE ASSUMPTIONS CONSIDERED IN THE CALCULATOR?</​h2>​
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 +
 +The selected technology for this model is an Enhanced Geothermal System at 9'500m that uses an ORC cycle with draw-off for the production of electricity and heat. This system is presented in L. Gerber [2]. This EGS produces 19 MW of electricity and 34 MW of heat as shown on the next balance:
 +
 +{{:​egs_balance.png?​300|Inlets and outlets for an ORC with draw-off}}
 +
 +^  [[emissions_c_geo|Emissions]] ​ ^^^
 +^  ^2035 ^2050 ^
 +|CO<​sub>​2</​sub>​-eq. emissions [kgCO<​sub>​2</​sub>​-eq./​kWh<​sub>​e</​sub>​] |0.0105 |0.0105 |
 +|Deposited waste [UBP/​kWh<​sub>​e</​sub>​] |19.8 |19.8 |
 +
 +^  [[cost_c_geo|Cost]] ​ ^^^
 +^  ^2035 ^2050 ^
 +|Specific investment [CHF/​kW<​sub>​e</​sub>​] |11'​164 |6'310 |
 +
 +
 +
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 +<div id="​wrapper">​
 +  <div id="​content">​
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 +<!-- /REFERENCES -->
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 +            <div class="​bloc triple bgWhite">​
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 +                    <h2 class="​fl">​REFERENCES</​h2>​
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 +            <div class="​clear"></​div>​
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 +  font-size: 32px;
 +  color: #535559;
 +  text-transform:​ uppercase;
 +  margin-bottom:​ 6px;
 +}
 +#wrapper #content #​newsWrapper .news h2 {
 +  font-family:​ '​ProximaNovaCond-Regular';​
 +  font-size: 28px;
 +  margin-bottom:​ 15px;
 +}
 +#wrapper #content #faqWrapper h2 {
 +  text-align: center;
 +  font-family:​ '​ProximaNovaCond-Semibold';​
 +  font-size: 26px;
 +  text-transform:​ uppercase;
 +  color: #1d1d1b;
 +  margin-bottom:​ 20px;
 +}
 +/* TEXTE PAGES ET ADMION */
 +#​content.text,​
 +.redactor_box {
 +  font-family:​ Arial, Helvetica, Sans Serif;
 +  font-size: 16px;
 +  color: #333333;
 +  padding: 20px;
 +}
 +#​content.text body,
 +.redactor_box body {
 +  background: none;
 +}
 +#​content.text h2,
 +.redactor_box h2,
 +#​content.text h4,
 +.redactor_box h4 {
 +  font-family:​ '​ProximaNovaCond-Semibold';​
 +  font-size: 44px;
 +  color: #000;
 +  text-transform:​ uppercase;
 +  margin-bottom:​ 10px;
 +}
 +#​content.text p,
 +.redactor_box p {
 +  color: #333333;
 +  margin-bottom:​ 20px;
 +}
 +#​content.text #wysiwyg,
 +.redactor_box #wysiwyg {
 +  margin-bottom:​ 80px;
 +}
 +hr {
 +  background: none;
 +  border: none;
 +  border-top: 1px solid #c2c2c2;
 +}
 +hr.marged {
 +  margin: 40px 0;
 +}
 +.pagination {
 +  margin: 20px auto 40px auto;
 +  height: 20px;
 +}
 +.pagination ul li {
 +  float: left;
 +  padding: 0 10px;
 +  border-left:​ 1px solid #c2c2c2;
 +}
 +.pagination ul li a {
 +  font-family:​ '​ProximaNovaCond-Light';​
 +  font-size: 20px;
 +  line-height:​ 23px;
 +  color: #797a7f;
 +}
 +.pagination ul li a.active {
 +  color: #000;
 +}
 +.pagination ul li.prev,
 +.pagination ul li.next {
 +  width: 11px;
 +  height: 20px;
 +}
 +.pagination ul li.prev,
 +.pagination ul li.nobl,
 +.pagination ul li.next {
 +  border-left:​ 0;
 +}
 +.paddedContent {
 +  padding: 20px;
 +}
 +#​sponsorsWrapper h2 {
 +  font-family:​ '​ProximaNovaCond-Regular';​
 +  font-size: 14px;
 +  text-transform:​ uppercase;
 +}
 +.dokuwiki div.page {
 +  overflow: auto;
 +}
 +</​style>​
 +</​html>​
 +
 +[1] [[http://​egec.info/​publications/​|European Geothermal Energy Council, Geothermal Market Report 2013/2014]]
 +
 +[2] L. Gerber (2012), Integration of Life Cycle Assessment in the conceptual design of renewable energy conversion systems.
 +
c_geo_more.1422614789.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/10/22 09:17 (external edit)